Bruce Chehroudi, PhD

Dr. Chehroudi has accumulated years of technical and leadership experiences in different capacities and organizations. This includes such positions as a Principal Scientist and Group Leader at the Engineering Research Consultants Inc (appointed at Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL)), a Chief Scientist at Raytheon STX, a Visiting Technologist at Ford’s Advanced Manufacturing Technology Development (AMTD) center, a tenured Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Kettering University and University of Illinois, and served as a Senior Research Staff/Research Fellow/Post-doctorate at Princeton University.

Dr. Chehroudi directed numerous multimillion dollar interdisciplinary projects in areas involving chemically reacting flows, combustion and emission of pollutants, sustainable and alternative energy sources, distributed ignition, material/fuel injection, advanced pollution reduction technologies, propulsion concepts, gas turbine and liquid rocket engines, combustion instability, laser optical diagnostics, spectroscopy, supercritical fluids and applications in environmental and propulsion systems, advanced composites, MEMS, nanotechnology, and micro fluidics.

He has won many merit and leadership awards by such prestigious organizations as the,

Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE):
Arch. T. Colwell Merit Award for technical excellence only to top 1% yearly.
Ralph R. Teetor Award for outstanding teaching/research/leadership.
Forest R. McFarland Award for sustained leadership in professional and educational service and a key contributor to the Continuing Professional Development Group.
- Appreciation Award for 20 years of dedicated  service and commitment to SAE Professional Development for providing quality and inspiring technical education.
- Appreciation Award for 10 years of dedicated and inspiring  service and commitment to providing quality technical education.
Outstanding Faculty Adviser.

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA):
-Best Publication Award of the Year,
-Associate Fellow (in recognition of professional standing and successful practice)

Air Force Research Laboratories (AFRL)
-Outstanding Technical Publication Award (AFRL),
-STAR Team Award for demonstrating world-class combined scientific and leadership achievements (AFOSR),

Institute of Liquid Atomization and Sprays Systems (ILASS):
-Marshall Award for best publication with lasting contributions,

Liquid Propulsion Sub-committee of Joint Army-Navy-NASA-Air Force (JANNAF):
-Best Liquid Propulsion Paper Award involving undergraduate/graduate students, 

2nd International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena:
-Top 10 Technical Publication Award (The paper describes the first ever quantitative measurements of mixing rates at sub- and supercritical jets which determines the combustion performance of rocket engines)

He has been a consultant with many organizations such as, Ford, GM, Honda R&D, AFRL, Honeywell, NASA, AFOSR, VW, GE, Bosch, Siemens, NGK, Cummins, UTRC, and TRW. Through professional societies, Dr. Chehroudi delivers invited professional seminars on Management of R&D Teams and Organizations, Management of Innovation, Combustion and Emission of Pollutants in Automotive and Gas Turbine Engines, Ignition Issues, Gasoline Direct Injection engines, R&D on Homogeneously-Charged Compression Ignition (HCCI) engines, and Liquid Injection Technologies.

Dr. Chehroudi has been involved in, and managed, a number of multimillion-dollar R&D programs with successful results that are  being currently used, either as design tools for product development, or have already been incorporated in existing products. Some non-limiting samples are cited here. His rapidly-scanning laser Doppler velocimeter design was the fastest scanner at the time, which was used to characterize separated turbulent boundary layers (turbulence, auto- and cross- correlations. Journal of Fluid Mechanics) similar to what occurs on airplane wings and gas turbine compressors. Space-time correlation coefficients in the backflow region of a separated flow are reported and analyzed for the first time in the literature.  Ten (10) years after, this work has passed the test of time and  was  selected as an outstanding contribution in the SPIE Milestone Series in Laser Diagnosticsedited  by Ronald  J. Adrian and Brian  J. Thompson. Learn more on the stringent selection process used here. One of his works at Princeton University Engine and Sprays Research Laboratory, working with the late Professor F. V. Bracco  (also see Aerospace Research & Education at Princeton), sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE) Direct Injection Stratified Charge (DISC) engine program, a consortium by GM Research Lab, SANDIA Combustion Research Facility, Los Alamos National Lab, and  Princeton University,  was related to characterization of the dense intact core region in diesel fuel sprays. His multidisciplinary team management and innovative electrical conductivity method produced results that have also time-tested and considered highly-creative and instrumental for the modeling/simulation as well as design of fuel injectors in such engines. Results have been used in the development and validation of the fuel atomization section of the KIVA computer program, being the backbone of most combustion modeling simulation in internal combustion engines.This research, was the first that offered information on the shape of the intact core of the full-cone sprays in addition to its length.   For this work he and his team members were awarded one of the most prestigious technical merit award (Arch T. Colwell Merit Award) by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). Also, another work conducted on aircraft and ground-based  gas turbine engine fuel spray combustion and emission issues was cited in the CRC Handbook of Fluid Dynamics as "significant example of applied engineering research done on the subject with many commercial applications". His interacting-sprays (or impinging-sprays) injection strategy (Sponsored by the General Motors) for simultaneous NOx and soot reduction/control, a cross fertilization of  rocket F-1 engine technology to diesel engines, is  considered an ingenious approach with highly flexible features to produce not only  "pilot and split injections," but additional strategies for emission reduction and efficiency improvements. A chapter is dedicated to "Interacting Sprays" injection by Prof. J. B. Greenberg in the Handbook of Atomization and Sprays. This concept has recently been used in diesel engines modified for the early-injection homogeneously-charged compression ignition (HCCI). His original work established a new research track on application of interacting sprays or impinging sprays in diesel engines (see Chehroudi's presentation on Interacting Sprays). Watch a video describing details of the Interacting Sprays Injection System Test Setup (High-speed internet recommended).  Yet another example, is his leadership on a program related to supercritical cryogenic liquid propellants used in H2/O2 Space Shuttle Main Engine  (SSME). This work, and his team, were recognized by another highly prestigious technical merit award through Combustion and Fuel Technical Committee of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). He was the first to demonstrate quantitatively that the shear layer of the liquid propellants injected into thermodynamic supercritical condition grows and spreads similar to incompressible but variable-density gaseous mixing layers. This was shown through jet's initial shear layer growth rate measurements and fractal analysis. Dr. Chehroudi's seminal work implies that atomization theories based upon Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities are no longer applicable to supercritical situation where there is no longer a surface tension; instead, the fluid behavior is determined by turbulence and diffusional mixing (see Dr Josette Bellan).  In a recent book titled "Droplet Dynamics Under Extreme Ambient Conditions" edited by Schulte, K., Tropea, C., and Weigand, B, 2022, and in a paper titled "Modeling and Simulation of a Turbulent Multi-component Two-phase Flow Involving Phase Change Processes Under Supercritical Conditions," the authors (Kuetemeier, D. and Sadiki, A.) from Technische Universitat Darmstadt wrote "For the model validation in this class of investigations the detailed study by Chehroudi, who neatly generated and compared various experimental data from different liquid and gas jets as function of pressures, remains state of the art."  His Invited Review article on this subject is titled "Recent Experimental Efforts on High-Pressure Supercritical Injection for Liquid Rockets and Their Implications.  Dr. Chehroudi's  newly-proposed combustion instability theory for liquid rocket engines is yet another unique contributions recognized by his peers as innovative and highly creative. Expansion of his work into nanotechnology also produced  the only nanotechnology-based light-activated volumetrically-distributed ignition system for both automotive (HCCI) and rocket engine applications. His creative idea and  the R&D work he directed, delivered an elegant answer to a technological barrier  referred to as "controlled autoignition", being at the heart of the next generation advanced HCCI engines. His innovative imagination, initiative, leadership, and technical vision in this area have,  not only set the stage and the R&D roadmap  for new applications of nanotechnology in volumetrically-distributed fuel/propellant ignition for the first time in literature with subsequent followers, but also convinced program managers at AFOSR in creating a fully-funded five year program for this work while at AFRL.

Throughout years, Dr. Chehroudi has evolved into a leader who forms synergy, cultivates a culture of innovation and collaboration, communicates unambiguously and respectfully, builds trust and consensus, injects motivation and inspiration, and guides/encourages strategic/systemic thinking. These incipient talents are those he has nurtured through interactions with colleagues/mentors which have been critical and precious elements facilitating stellar achievements from his teams. Moreover, he brings extensive level of technical leadership and presentation skills (to technical/nontechnical, C-level, & clients) in a broad range of disciplines/technologies, which are instrumental in leading multidisciplinary teams, in technology development, forecasting and transfer, as well as in revenue-generating new product development (NPD) and R&D efforts. Lastly, when a solid educational background (PhD/MS/BS in Mechanical/Aerospace Engineering and MS in Economics/Management) is added to the mix, the package as a whole creates a multidimensional professional who understands and quickly grasps the importance and potential of research/development activities for commercialization in a wide range of science, technology, and engineering fields and who markets such opportunities and ideas towards goals/objectives of the organization.

Dr Chehroudi's past research projects had contributions and impacts in a number of areas. First, on account of the multidisciplinary nature of most efforts, they enhanced inter- and intra-organizational communication and created synergistic joint efforts. Second, many of them led to fundamental understanding of the underlying physics of the problem. Third, they substantially enriched the visibility and scientific credibility of the division. Fourth, they led into tremendous performance improvement on the existing products and led to either new products/technologies or product ideas. Fifth, many of them won technical merit awards from prestigious scientific/engineering societies (listed in the AWARDS section). Sixth, sustained award-winning high-quality publications and reports with useful results which encouraged continued support by funding agencies

Dr. Chehroudi has a PhD in Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering and Post-Doctoral Fellow (Princeton University), MS in Mechanical Engineering (Southern Methodist University, Summa Cum Laude), MS in Economics (Swiss Finance Institute, Magna Cum Laude), and BS in Mechanical Engineering (Sharif University of Technology).  He is a senior member of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics'  Propellant & Combustion Committee (2008-present) and  was honored an Associate Fellow  title from the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

He acts as a reviewer for many scientific and engineering journals and publishers, has been the  Technical Editorial Director of the Powertrain Magazine for over ten years, and is a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Combustion by  Hindawi. Dr. Chehroudi has delivered over 200 presentations in technical meetings/conferences (SAE, AIAA, ASME, ILASS, Professional Education Seminars, etc) and to nontechnical audiences and has over 20 technical reports (Princeton University, General Motors, Ford Motor Co, Department of Energy, NASA, Air Force Research Laboratory).

He has also produced five 600-plus-page monographs on combustion and emission of pollutants from mobile power plants, ignition technologies, liquid fuel/material injection, and nanotechnology,   two book chapters on liquid propellants and combustion instability (*) and applications of graphene (a nanotech product) in ignition and combustion of fuels/propellants, ground-breaking patents on applications and synergy between nanotechnology, light, and chemical reaction for a light-activated volumetrically-distributed ignition of fuel-air mixtures and liquid fuel sprays with applications in Low Temperature Gasoline Combustion (LTGC) or HCCI, and liquid rocket engines.

Dr. Chehroudi has more than 150 publications with extensive experience in both scientific and management areas and intensive trainings in finance and financial engineering.

(*) The Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering represents a major publishing initiative by John Wiley and Sons Inc.,  to establish a high quality, carefully coordinated reference work that will enhance education, training and research in this complex and demanding field


Yasi Cheh

Yasi Cheh is Senior  Business Development at ATC.  Yasi's passions lie at the intersections of education, technology, research and entrepreneurship. She has been a Product Manager at the Cornerstone On Demand, working specifically on educational software designed for larger-scale learning purposes. She is also a consultant to various education-related technology companies on program design, community building, and content production. Some of her clients include Common Sense MediaGreen Dot Public SchoolsReal Office Spaces (ROC) and School of Devs. One of her expertise is in iterative skills-based learning environments. Additionally, she is a lead board member of the Associate Board of Visitors for the Department of Economics at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). She heads the alumni effort in creating the Bruin Development Academy and the Social Enterprise Academy - both skills and project-based learning courses.

Previously, Yasi was the Education Programs Manager at General Assembly in Los Angeles where she was responsible for the development and production of all of their Los Angeles education offerings. She trained and led a team of 26 instructors to advance the education of over 200 students. She improved the internal company metrics of satisfaction, instructor development and retention by 40%, a company-wide all-time high historical record. Prior to General Assembly, Yasi worked as a Senior Research Manager at Lieberman Research Worldwide, with many years experience in market research. She is an expert in creating, executing and managing large-scale qualitative and quantitative research projects. Overall, she has a multidisciplinary background with strengths in a number of areas including - learning strategy and product design, employee training and mentorship, programs creation/planning/execution, evaluation, improvement and iteration.

Yasi earned her B.A. in Economics and Applied Developmental Psychology from the UCLA in 2009. 


Mike Characci

Mike is a Senior Systems Engineer at ATC.  Before joining ATC, he has been managing and improving complex engineering systems for over ten years at Honda and Honeywell. He was involved in designing, fabricating, delivering, and evaluating complex automotive and aerospace systems using 3D and 2D CAD software. He performed engineering studies and analysis to enhance performance, reliability, and cost as well as determining possible causes of system failures. Mike was also responsible for requirement analysis and hierarchical decomposition, development of system architecture and assisting in the planning and coordination of system delivery to customer/user site.

Mike has a BS degree in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and a Master of Engineering degree in Systems Engineering from PennState.